Drug & Alcohol Rehab Hertfordshire
Although we do not directly provide treatment ourselves, we assist thousands of individuals in making the correct route to sobriety.
When you contact Rehab Recovery, we carry out a free initial assessment. Here, we determine the nature of your addiction, your personal needs, and your personality profile.
Based on this information, we then draw on our database of hundreds of treatment providers in Hertfordshire and match your needs to the most appropriate providers.
This ensures the chances of treatment success are maximised.
Rehab Recovery offers this service entirely free of charge. Rehab Recovery is run by volunteers who have defeated their own addiction to drugs and alcohol in the past.
This means we are highly understanding and empathetic to your situation.
We know seeking out professional help isn’t easy. You may not even fully acknowledge the need for professional treatment.
Our initial assessment seeks to help you overcome your initial fears and resistance, whilst also explaining the exact reasons why professional treatment is required.
Alcohol and drug rehab helps with a wide variety of addictions such as:
- Alcohol addiction or binge drinking 
- Benzodiazepine addiction
- Buprenorphine addiction
- Cannabis use disorder
- Cocaine addiction
- Opioid use disorder
- Crack cocaine dependence
- Heroin addiction
- Ketamine addiction
- Behavioural addictions such as gambling addiction
How Do I Know When My Addiction is Something to Worry About?
If you have any of the signs of symptoms mentioned previously, then there is a good possibility that you might have an alcohol addiction or might be developing one.
If you have 2 or more symptoms listed in the DSM V for substance use disorder, then this indicates an addiction is present.
However, if you are finding that your drug and/or alcohol intake is becoming out of your control, that it is impacting your life or is causing yourself or others to be concerned for you, then this is a huge sign that you need to seek help.
Alcohol addiction can affect your life in numerous ways and seeking help for an addiction as soon as possible will increase your chances of a successful recovery.
Alcohol addiction treatment in Hertfordshire is available for people at all stages of addiction, and there are also harm reduction options and outpatient services for those who are afraid that an addiction might develop.
When you speak to a healthcare professional about your concerns, they will ask a series of questions to provide a clearer picture to them and to yourself of whether you have an addiction and how severe it might be.
These will likely be situational questions such as “in the past year have you wanted to drink so badly you couldn’t think of anything else?” and can provide insight into how your alcohol consumption might have impacted day to day living for you in ways you might not even have recognised or wanted to confront. 
If you are unsure where to begin in terms of seeking support for your alcohol addiction, then the Rehab Recovery team can help you find the help that is right for you in Hertfordshire.
What Impact Can Drug and Alcohol Addictions Have on Families?
Alcohol and drug addictions often impact family relationships and the wellbeing of loved ones, particularly if it is a moderate to severe addiction.
Addiction impacts so many parts of life, including the mental and physical health of the individual, that more often than not loved ones are negatively affected by substance use disorder in a loved one.
There have been several studies into the impact of addiction on families, all of which discovered that addiction has many negative effects on family structure and the mental health of other family members.
One such study found that families reported impacts such as reduced family cohesion and communication breakdown, as well as increased depression, anxiety and stress within family members. 
Other studies have found similar results, citing mental health problems such as stress, stress-related illnesses, worry and anxiety as high prevalence among family members of people who are experiencing drug addiction. 
This is a key reason why family therapy is often used alongside other addiction treatments in drug and alcohol rehab in Hertfordshire.
Family therapy helps to maintain, mend and strengthen family relationships, helping both the person struggling with addiction and their loved ones.
Does Drug and Alcohol Rehab for Teens Work?
Drug and alcohol rehab is suitable for all ages and anyone who is affected by substance use disorder or wants to find help before their substance use gets out of control.
This includes teenagers, who can benefit from inpatient or outpatient addiction treatment if they are falling into or are within the grips of an addiction.
However, due to factors such as education, severity of teenage addiction and the need for parental support, over 90% of teenage addiction treatment is outpatient. 
There are dedicated drug and alcohol rehab centres which cater for teenagers usually between the ages of 13-18, so if a teenager attends an inpatient treatment programme then they will be placed in one of these centres.
This ensures the safety of the teens and allows them to get the help that they need alongside other teenagers of similar ages.
82% of teenagers successfully complete addiction treatment, whether inpatient or outpatient, so the success rate for teen addiction treatment is high.
Most teenagers in addiction treatment will receive psychosocial treatment to help with their substance misuse as well as any mental health, social or behavioural issues they might be struggling with. 
Overall addiction treatment is very similar for teenagers and adults, however there may be different types of support available for teens such as educational support, help with bullying and support with peer pressure.
Outpatient addiction treatment is available either as age specific treatments (e.g. group therapy for teenagers) or for all ages (e.g. 12 step programmes for all ages).
If you are worried about your teenager, or if you are a teenager yourself, then getting help now is important as the longer you let your addiction progress the more difficult it will be to recover from. 
Adolescent drug and alcohol services in Hertfordshire are a great option for young teenagers who are struggling with substance misuse, and has been shown to help teenagers to manage their substance use as well as improve significantly in other areas such as academics, family relations and overall well being. 
Can I Recover From Addiction Without Professional Help
It is not recommended to try to recover to alcohol and/or drug addiction without the support of a professional mental health team.
This is due to the potential dangers you might encounter in withdrawal, as well as the lowered success rate in people found for people who do not get professional support in recovery.
For those who do recover independently, they are also more likely to relapse and less likely to achieve 3 year remission than those who have sought out professional addiction treatment. 
This is likely to be due to a few factors, including the challenging detox period, the lack of support network, the absence of professional treatments and therapies as well as the absence of aftercare.
If you seek professional alcohol and drug addiction treatment in Hertfordshire, then you will be assessed by a professional to see what kind of treatments will be most beneficial for you and to draw up a personalised treatment plan.
This can be incredibly useful, as your treatment plan will be created to give you the best chance of success by someone with an expertise in addiction. This is something that is only achieved via professional addiction treatment.
Within this treatment plan you will undergo addiction therapies which will teach you key skills such as how to avoid relapse and how to cope with triggers as well as exploring the underlying causes of your addiction and any comorbid conditions which may impact recovery.
Having a safe detox is another reason why it is best to seek professional help, as you can be monitored by health professionals, prescribed medications if needed to lessen withdrawal symptoms and cravings and supported through a challenging time.
If you are wanting to recover from an alcohol or opioid addiction (e.g. a heroin addiction) then an inpatient or professionally managed detox at least is highly advised. This is due to the risks of withdrawal, as withdrawal symptoms can be very severe and even deadly if not managed properly.
Without a professional detox, a professional treatment plan with a course of addiction therapies and an aftercare plan complete with relapse prevention strategies, addiction recovery is likely to be a lot more difficult alone.
The support is available, no matter what your situation is, whether you want NHS or private treatment or how far along in your addiction you are.
There are a range of options in Hertfordshire including at home medical detox, inpatient addiction treatment and outpatient support groups. Reach out to Rehab Recovery today and our team can help you reach out for professional addiction recovery treatment.
Do I Have to Tell My Boss About Alcohol Rehab?
You do not have to tell your boss if you are entering into alcohol rehabilitation, however it is advisable to be honest about your alcohol addiction treatment.
This is because it will make it a lot easier if you need to book time off for treatment or adjust your work schedule because of rehab commitments, and it can also help your workplace to support you in ways that they can.
If you create a false reason for needing time off then it might be challenging if evidence is requested, and it can also make recovery more challenging if you are hiding it from your manager.
Addiction is also classified as a medical issue, and therefore you might also be entitled to sick pay during our addiction treatment.
Make sure that you make clear that this is a medical treatment that you need, and that you can provide evidence of the need for addiction rehab via a letter from a doctor/healthcare professional.
This also means that it is classified medical information and therefore cannot be discriminated against or discussed with other employees if this is a concern of yours.
So although you are under no obligation to tell your manager that you are attending addiction rehab, and you have every right to keep your addiction treatment private, it could be much more beneficial to be open about it to your boss.
Can I Lose My Job If I Leave to Go to Rehab?
It can be daunting to discuss addiction with your employer due to the social stigma around addiction, the personal nature of an addiction and you might be concerned about it affecting your job.
However, addiction is a medical problem, and therefore you cannot be discriminated against for it if you do discuss your addiction with your manager.
The only time when your job may be affected by your addiction is if your addiction has impacted your work or caused you to act outside of your contract or legal responsibilities (e.g. if you have driven drunk or high).
According to the UK Health and Safety Executive, an employee who is misusing drugs or alcohol has the right to confidentiality and support in the same way that they would if they had any other physical, psychological or medical condition. 
Employers have a duty to care for their employees health and safety at work, and therefore many workplaces will have a policy on alcohol and drug misuse which focuses on encouraging employees to get help, supporting them if they go to treatment and supporting them in recovery. 
Having an open conversation about your addiction is often the best course of action, and confirming with your employers that this is a medical issue that you are seeking professional treatment for.
If in doubt, have a look at your work policy on drug and alcohol misuse, and get in touch with the Rehab Recovery team for support and advice.
Can I Force My Loved One to Go to Rehab?
You cannot force your loved one to go to rehab, however you can help them to see the benefits of rehab and support them in their addiction recovery.
The CRAFT approach is the primary method of intervention that families and loved ones of addicted people are advised to use when guiding a loved one into addiction treatment.
It is a more modern approach which is favoured by therapists in comparison to the traditional methods of intervention. 
CRAFT focuses on positive reinforcement and behaviour change, helping the person to want to go to rehab without forcing them or motivating them through traditional intervention methods.
Often the family members and loved ones of a person struggling with addiction find it hard to know how to help their loved one and find it difficult to even discuss addiction rehab with them due to being confronted with denial, feeling accusatory or being met with anger and frustration.
The CRAFT approach allows family members to encourage positive change but still support and maintain a good relationship with their loved one.
It also helps family members and loved ones to understand addiction and recognise any small steps towards recovery that the person is making.
This has been shown to be a very successful method of intervention, with between 70% and 80% of reluctant substance users seeking treatment after a CRAFT intervention. 
It also helps to strengthen relationships between loved ones which may have been weakened due to the addiction, and also helps build up a positive image of rehabilitation for the person struggling with addiction, rather than viewing it as a scary last resort.
You can contact a professional interventionist in Hertfordshire regarding the CRAFT method and also research CRAFT intervention techniques yourself to help increase your knowledge of addiction and how to support and motivate someone else into attending addiction treatment.
Will I Be Able to See My Family During Rehab?
If you are considering inpatient rehab, then you might be concerned about whether or not you can see your family during your stay.
A full course of inpatient addiction rehab in Hertfordshire lasts 28 days, and that is a long time for many people to go without seeing their family, particularly if they have children or are very close to their family.
The majority of inpatient rehabilitation clinics will allow you to see your family during your stay. This is usually at designated visiting times and/or during some treatment sessions such as family therapy.
The only time when a family might not be allowed to visit is if the rehab clinic does not do in person visits at all due to their addiction treatment methodology, or if they feel as though it would be detrimental to recovery; for example if a family member is encouraging the individual to continue with their addiction.
Even in these cases however, rehab centres will try to work with the family and try to help them see the positive aspects of recovery and be involved in family counselling.
In most cases, rehab centres will encourage family members to visit their loved ones and attend family therapy sessions, in order to develop or strengthen family relationships, help the family to be a part of addiction treatment and ensure that the person being treated has a strong support network.
This is especially encouraged during the later stages of treatment when you will benefit from the support of family and when you can focus more on the future of your recovery after treatment.
When you first enter addiction treatment however, you might not be able to contact your family during the detox stage.
This is because your body and mind will be going through a lot, and you will need to focus solely on recovering and adapting to living without the substance.
This stage is usually around 7-10 days, so you can expect to spend about a week without contact with your family before being able to see them during visits.
The rehab clinic will be contactable by family members in cases of emergency or concerns.
Most rehab clinics also allow other methods of communication with family members, such as phone calls, letters or video calls (after the initial transition/detox period). These are a good option for people whose family lives far away and if you need a bit of extra support from family between visiting times.
Children are also encouraged to be a part of addiction recovery, so that they can ask any questions they might have and be kept in the loop about how their loved one is getting help.
All in person visitors will need to be searched prior to entering the rehab clinic, to ensure that no prohibited items are taken into the facility.
Do Rehabs Centres Provide Gender-Specific Treatment?
Gender-specific rehab centres and addiction treatments do exist in Hertfordshire, such as women-only and men-only rehab clinics, gender-specific support groups and gender-specific addiction therapies.
These can be particularly useful for people who have experienced trauma associated with other genders and would be more comfortable receiving treatment with other people of their own gender.
Addiction treatments such as support groups and group therapy are spaces where people often share challenges that they have been through.
This can be difficult, for example in cases where women may have experienced sexual trauma, for them to open up in a space with men.
Inpatient treatment can also be challenging for some people if they feel vulnerable or uncomfortable being around a different gender, therefore gender-specific clinics can help.
Recovering from an addiction can be a challenging time for anyone, and often makes people feel very vulnerable.
Therefore having a place where someone can begin their recovery journey more comfortably means that more people are likely to reach out for help and recovery is more likely to be successful.
Men and women also often vary when it comes to the wider issues that they tend to face when struggling with addiction, including factors which may be causal to the development of substance use disorder and those which can affect treatment.
For example, women tend to report more issues of sexual and physical abuse often at the hands of a partner and are more likely to struggle with inpatient treatment due to childcare responsibilities or pregnancy. 
Women are also more likely to need help for addictions to sedatives and sleep medication, and tend to enter rehabilitation with health, social and psychological problems which are more severe. 
Men on the other hand, have a greater chance of having an arrest record than women and also tend to begin using substances from an earlier age. 
There are also a lot more men than women that take substances, with around 11.9% of men compared to 5.4% of women in the UK who are active substance users and therefore for women attending rehab clinics with the majority of men can sometimes be intimidating. 
It can be useful to have people within the group who may have experienced similar issues and be working through them too.
For example if men are struggling with sexual issues due to drug abuse such as impotence, this could be a difficult issue to discuss with women in a group therapy session.
However, there are also several non-gender specific clinics which offer treatments for all genders, as although some genders might be more likely to experience certain issues, there are also a lot of similar issues that men and women with substance abuse face.
For some people it might be beneficial to experience non-gender specific treatment and instead connect to a variety of other people in recovery and share their experiences.
However, for those who feel safer, more comfortable or would benefit from it, gender-specific addiction treatment is available.
What is dual diagnosis at rehab in Hertfordshire?
Sadly, these issues can often remain undiagnosed for many years.
- Borderline personality disorder  and anti-social personality disorder 
- Chronic depression
- Eating disorders
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Generalised anxiety disorder.
All of these conditions can easily worsen a person’s addiction problems.
Part of treatment at drug & alcohol rehab Hertfordshire is diagnosing any issues that are there, and addressing those challenges in a healthy way. This is called a dual diagnosis.
You will receive a psychiatric assessment from a psychiatrist who will assess whether you need psychiatric treatment.
To learn more about how drug and alcohol rehab in Hertfordshire can support your mental health, call us on 0800 088 66 86
What is the abstinence model of recovery at rehab in Hertfordshire?
One of the questions we are commonly asked is if addiction recovery means abstaining completely from the substance for life.
While not every treatment facility is the same, it should be made clear that the vast majority of rehabs do encourage lifelong abstinence once a person is in recovery.
Some people manage to get off their drug of choice only to find themselves using it occasionally once more,  a system known as harm reduction or moderation management. More often than not, this will soon snowball into another full-blown addiction.
The advantage of the abstinence model is that it does not leave the door open for a problem to redevelop. Once you stop, you stop for good.
Staying in abstinence and recovering for life will not be easy, but with the right treatment and ongoing support, this great feat can be accomplished.
To learn more about the nature of rehab in Hertfordshire, call us on 0800 088 66 86
What is the outpatient rehab eligibility?
A lot of people ask us about the possibility of attending rehab as an outpatient – in other words, travelling to the clinic during the day for treatment, and staying home at night.
There are other factors that would exclude a person from being eligible for outpatient rehab care.
This would include:
- Significant or severe mental health problems who would struggle to be alone at home
- Having failed to remain sober after previous attempts at outpatient treatment and/or home detox
- Those who are likely to commit acts of violence or aggression against their loved ones whenever they are intoxicated
- People with Delirium tremens or who have previously suffered alcoholic seizures
- Suffering from Wernicke’s encephalopathy
If one or more of the above list applies to you, it is likely that you would be deemed high risk. If this is the case, inpatient rehab would be a much better option.
We can discuss in detail during your phone consultation whether you might be eligible for outpatient rehab, or what your other treatment options could be.
If you’re wondering whether or not you may be suitable for outpatient rehab in Hertfordshire, call us on 0800 088 66 86
What are the alternatives to going to rehab in Hertfordshire?
However, if private rehab isn’t affordable for you at the moment, there is no need to be unduly worried.
You can still access a number of treatments in your local area, usually for free.
Below, we have listed a number of resources that are either free of charge or much more affordable than rehab. The availability of these services may vary depending on your location.
Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)  is probably the most well-known addiction support group in the world. It has been operating for nearly a century and has helped countless people to cope with their addiction in that time.
These groups prioritise a spiritual approach to treating addiction – for example, giving oneself over to a higher power. This doesn’t work for everyone, but some people find great comfort and strength in this method.
SMART Recovery is an international organisation that provides a range of different resources for those in addiction, including counselling and other therapy services.
They have a different approach from AA or NA, in that they do not treat addiction as a spiritual condition, but rather a behavioural problem that can be modified with proper treatment.
SMART uses a clinical approach, offering treatments such as cognitive behavioural therapy and dialectal behavioural therapy as part of their services.
Search for ‘SMART Recovery’ in your preferred browser to find out more about the services that they have available in your area.
Home detox means that you would have appropriate medication sent out to you in the post, along with clear instructions on how to use them over the course of your withdrawal.
This is a much cheaper option, but it’s worth considering that you will not have the other treatments that you would get at rehab.
There are also a few more eligibility criteria around home detox, which we can discuss in detail with you over the phone.
Al-Anon Family Group meetings
A lot of people in this position find it very helpful to have a safe space where they can discuss these matters without having to worry about saying something offensive or triggering to the addicted person.
Outpatient treatment via a local Drug & Alcohol team in Hertfordshire
Your local GP will be able to point you to a number of different addiction resources that are available in your area of Hertfordshire.
This may include free-to-attend meetings such as AA or a non-12-step equivalent. They may also be able to put you in contact with the area’s drug and alcohol outreach team.
Being under the care of the outreach times means that you will have someone to talk to in times of crisis, which can be a lifeline for people who are vulnerable.
The services available will vary slightly depending on your area. Book an appointment with your GP today to discuss your options.
To learn more about laternative addiction treatments in Hertfordshire, call us today on 0800 088 66 86
The ASAM criteria
ASAM stands for the American Society of Addiction Medicine.  They provide their own set of criteria to be used as a guideline for how to plan the best possible care for a person in addiction treatment.
The personalisation of care is a very important part of rehab, as it is vital that the person receives a care plan that maximises their chance of long-term recovery.
In the ASAM method, patients are assessed on six different criteria, which are as follows:
- Acute Intoxication and/or Withdrawal Potential – Exploring the individual’s past and current experiences of substance abuse, physical dependence and withdrawals
- Biomedical conditions and complications – Exploring the individual’s health history and current physical conditions
- Emotional, Behavioural, or Cognitive Conditions and Complications – Exploring an individual’s thoughts, emotional issues, and mental health problems
- Readiness to change – Assessing how willing and ready the person is to commit to the treatment process
- Relapse, continued use, or continued problem potential – Assessing the individual’s unique relationship with drug or alcohol relapse or their continued use or problems
- Recovery/living environment – assessing the individual’s living situation and how it pertains to recovery
What are substance abuse disorders according to the DSM-5?
The American Psychiatry Association (APA)  have their own manual for identifying and treating almost all known mental illnesses and disorders. This is called the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders,  or DSM-5 for short.
The DSM-5 has its own system for identifying the severity of a person’s substance abuse, which features a number of symptoms within four distinct categories:
- Impaired Control – Using more substance than intended/using more often than intended; wanting to reduce intake but being unable to do so
- Social Problems – Neglecting responsibilities and/or relationships; giving up on activities that they used to care a lot about; not being able to complete tasks at work or school
- Risky Use – Using drugs or drinking in risky settings or circumstances, continuing to use or drink despite knowing that there are problems
- Physical Dependence – Needing more of their preferred substance to gain the same effect from it; having intense withdrawal symptoms when not using
The DSM-5 provides a scoring symptom for the above symptom, as follows:
- Two or three total symptoms – Indicates a mild substance abuse disorder
- Four or five total symptoms – Indicates a moderate substance abuse disorder
- Six or seven total symptoms – Indicates a severe substance abuse disorder (addiction)
Although this is only one method of judging a person’s substance abuse problems, it is widely used in clinical addiction treatment and comes from a credible source.
To find out more about diagnosing addiction before entering rehab in Hertfordshire, reach out to us today on 0800 088 66 86
What is the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT)?
As with the DSM- substance abuse identification model, AUDIT provides a series of symptoms and asks the participant to add up a total score of how many apply to them.
A score of 0 to 7 indicates a low risk of addiction, whereas a score of 20 or more would suggest a possible dependence.
These are just a few of the tests that can be used to determine if an individual is suffering from addiction. However, it is also worth noting some of the most common signs  of addiction, including:
- Work or school problems
- Relationship problems
- Constantly searching for an excuse to drink or use the substance
- Hiding when or how much you drink or use a substance
- Inability to control how often or how much you drink
- Increased tolerance  to your addictive substance
- Neglecting important tasks
- Even if you want to quit, you can’t
These signs may vary  depending on the individual and the nature of their addiction For example, a type one alcoholic  will generally show symptoms of anxiety, high stress and low novelty-seeking, whereas a type two alcoholic  is more likely to display high novelty-seeking behaviour and a history of exposure to addiction at a younger age.
- Brain damage 
- Liver disease  and cirrhosis 
- Delirium Tremens
- Digestive issues
- A weakened immune system
- Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome 
- Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Deficiencies of various essential minerals (Calcium, iron, zinc, magnesium, etc.) 
These conditions can be extremely dangerous and even life-shortening.  However, if the individual can get the help they need at the right time, then even some of the most severe consequences of addiction can be treated and potentially reversed. 
To discover if you need the help of a drug and alcohol rehab in Hertfordshire, give our team a call on 0800 088 66 86
What is intervention in addiction?
This might be down to a misplaced sense of pride or shame, or because they don’t know if they have what it takes to get through treatment.
One way of handling this is by sitting down with the person as a group or a family, and explaining to them one by one how their addiction is hurting themselves and others.
This is the traditional way of performing an intervention and is best done by involving a qualified intervention counsellor in the session.
Another way of intervening in addiction is through the CRAFT method,  which prefers positive reinforcement as an incentive, offering rewards to the person for making positive changes in their life.
It also focuses on teaching the loved ones of the addiction sufferer better ways of interacting, helping to ensure that they are not inadvertently enabling the addictive behaviour which, sadly, is a common problem. 
We can provide more information about either of these methods, free of charge. If you’re concerned about someone you know, please call us for a free consultation.
For advice and guidance in conducting an intervention in Hertfordshire, call us on 0800 088 66 86
What are some tips for choosing the right rehab in Hertfordshire?
We are able to provide you with free information and advice about the various rehab clinics around Hertfordshire and can arrange a referral if you want to go ahead with treatment.
Some people prefer to go off and do their own research on rehab clinics before committing to a placement, which is perfectly understandable.
If you want to research the matter yourself, there are certain things that you should look out for when researching a private rehab clinic.
- Track record – Check how long the clinic has been in business – ideally you should choose somewhere that has been operating for 20 years or more.
- Approachability – It is important that you feel comfortable with the people at the clinic, so try to get a sense of how they are with people over the phone.
- Qualifications and/or certifications – It is important that the people administering treatment at the clinic are well-qualified and experienced.
- Affordability – Find out the clinic’s pricing and compare it to the average market rate.
- Success rates – Find out what percentage of people who have been treated at the clinic has managed to stay in long-term recovery.
- Google reviews – As with any other service, rehab clinics will have reviews on Google or elsewhere by people who have attended the clinic.
For more advice about selecting the right drug and alcohol rehab in Hertfordshire for you, call our team on 0800 088 66 86
Do I need a detox?
Only certain substances require a medical detox intervention. The main ones are opiates (such as heroin), benzodiazepines (such as diazepam) and alcohol. All of these substances require a medical detox, probably with the use of medication.
However, it is always better to be under supervision as you withdraw, due to potential psychological symptoms which may need to be managed.
Alcohol detox often requires medical assistance using medicines like Chlordiazepoxide (brand name Librium), Acamprosate  and Naltrexone  alongside specific antidepressants  or anti-anxiety medications  in order to reduce alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
It is important to treat your alcohol addiction as it can result in delirium tremens and Wernicke encephalopathy.
How long does rehab in Hertfordshire last?
Drug and alcohol rehab in Hertfordshire will usually last for 28 days for a full course of treatment.
However, there are a number of other treatment options that take less time.
In some cases, a person with an extreme addiction can spend up to 90 days in rehab. However, this is rare, and most will not be there for longer than a month.
For a more accurate estimation of how long your time undergoing addiction treatment in Hertfordshire will last, talk to us today on 0800 088 66 86
What is rehab for cocaine in Hertfordshire?
It is no secret that cocaine use is rampant in the UK. In recent years, it seems to have become less of a social taboo and is more widely used in a casual setting, which can then easily become habitual use and finally addiction. 
This process is reflected in the increasing number of hospital admissions for cocaine abuse.
However, the fact remains that cocaine is a highly addictive substance that can easily take over a person’s life in a relatively short space of time.
If this has happened to you, the best course of action is to seek treatment for cocaine addiction at a dedicated rehab facility.
You will then be able to go through an intensive programme of therapy, in order to address the underlying issues at the heart of your cocaine addiction.
At Rehab Recovery, we can help you to find a suitable drug & alcohol rehab Hertfordshire. Call us today to speak with one of our trained advisors.
Start your journey to overcoming cocaine addiction today through a drug and alcohol rehab in Hertfordshire – call us on 0800 088 66 86
What is rehab for heroin in Hertfordshire?
As most people know, heroin is an intensely powerful opiate that is incredibly addictive. What most people don’t fully understand is just how widespread heroin abuse is in this country.
As well as damaging the user individually, the lifestyle associated with heroin abuse also does a great deal of damage to the community, often leading to an increase in crime.
The best place to safely withdraw from heroin, and to get into recovery through treatment and therapy, is residential rehab.
Part of the reason for this is that heroin withdrawal can be brutally difficult, and needs to be monitored and carefully managed by medical professionals.
At drug & alcohol rehab in Hertfordshire, you will be able to detox as safely as possible, with the assistance of the medical staff and the use of appropriate medication.
Heroin addiction results in serious heroin withdrawal symptoms so it is necessary to seek professional help in rehab. You will also be able to get help with the other effects, such as hepatitis.
Start your journey to overcoming heroin addiction today through a drug and alcohol rehab in Hertfordshire – call us on 0800 088 66 86
What is rehab for cannabis in Hertfordshire?
Cannabis is one of the most widely used drugs in the UK, so much so that it is not uncommon to see people smoking the drug openly on the streets.
Unfortunately, some people have a misconception about cannabis that is a harmless drug, or that it is not possible to get addicted to cannabis. Both of these are completely false.
As is the case with any other illicit drug, if you are suffering from cannabis addiction, the best place to treat it is at rehab.
At Rehab Recovery, we can help you to find cannabis addiction treatment at a top drug & alcohol rehab Hertfordshire.
Start your journey to overcoming cannabis addiction today through a drug and alcohol rehab in Hertfordshire – call us on 0800 088 66 86
What is Alcohol Addiction?
Alcohol addiction is a chronic disorder where a person is unable to manage their alcohol intake.
People struggling with alcohol addiction often drink often and drink a lot, feel unable to control the amount that they drink and drink even when alcohol is having a negative effect on their life. 
In society, drinking alcohol is often viewed as a fun way to spend an evening or weekend, a stress reliever and a great way to socialise.
However, for many people, drinking alcohol can develop into a dangerous addiction.
Alcohol is an addictive psychoactive substance and therefore influences psychological aspects such as emotion, memory, mood and thought processes.
This can lead to a dependence on alcohol and a desire to keep experiencing these altered mental states, even in the face of negative consequences. 
Addiction is often called a cycle, as the effect that addictive substances have on the brain causes a cycle of positive emotions whilst taking the substance, negative emotions afterwards (a ‘come down’ or a hangover) and this then causes the addicted person to seek out the substance to feel positive again. 
When combined with other mental health issues, social influence and environmental factors, it is easy to see how alcohol addiction can develop, as people who are struggling with other aspects of life such as stress or depression may seek out alcohol to block negative feelings and feel happier, even if it negatively impacts them in the long term.
In the UK, there are around 589,000 people struggling with alcohol dependency, and over ¼ are also receiving treatment for a co-occurring mental health condition.
Unfortunately, mental health disorders can be a factor in the development of alcohol addiction as well as a trigger or exasperating factor for them. 
Alcohol addiction can be devastating in many ways, affecting one’s mental health as well as physical health, and has been linked to heart disease, strokes, various cancers of the body, memory problems and social/behavioural issues such as aggression. 
Alcohol addiction, also known as Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD), is a form of substance use disorder (SUD), which is discussed in the “substance abuse disorders according to the DSM-5” section below.
If you fear that you or your loved one might be struggling with an alcohol or drug addiction in Hertfordshire, then the Rehab Recovery team can help you find the support you need.
What Are the Signs That An Alcohol Addiction is Present?
Are you concerned about your drinking or worried about a loved one?
If so, then it is important that you are aware of the potential signs of alcohol addiction so you know when to get help in Hertfordshire and what kind of help might be beneficial for you or your loved one.
Some of the signs to look out for if you are concerned about a loved one are:
- Drinking a lot of alcohol – this might sound like an obvious one, but if you do notice an increase in drinking or evidence of drinking such as bottles or cans around then this could be a sign that an alcohol addiction is present or is developing.
- Neglecting responsibilities – this could be at work, home or school and could be a sign of alcohol addiction if they are neglecting these responsibilities due to drinking or after drinking (e.g. due to hangovers)
- Behavioural changes – for example getting irritable, angry or anxious if they have not or can not drink alcohol for a period of time.
- Physical signs – appearing drunk often such as having bloodshot eyes, slurring, a red face, poor coordination, memory problems and glassy eyes. In moderate to severe cases poor hygiene, weight changes and a dishevelled appearance could indicate an addiction.
- Self isolating – If a loved one is struggling with addiction then they might withdraw from friends and family. Often people caught in an addiction will feel shame or guilt over their addiction, and will not want others to be aware of the amount that they are drinking.
If you are concerned about your own alcohol consumption and want to know the signs to look out for in yourself, then you can keep an eye out for the key symptoms as noted in the DSM V.
Some of the key symptoms of alcohol use disorder (a type of substance use disorder) include: being unable to control the amount of alcohol you drink/compelled to keep drinking even when you do not want to, continuing to drink despite negative consequences and finding that you keep needing more alcohol in order to achieve the same effect.
You can find the DSM V symptom list for substance use disorder in the “What are substance abuse disorders according to the DSM-5?” section below.
What are the therapies on offer at rehab Hertfordshire?
Addiction is not a simple condition, and there are lots of different variables that make everyone’s addiction slightly different.
Below is a list of potential therapies at your drug & alcohol rehab Hertfordshire, all of which will be administered by highly trained and experienced professionals on-site.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a psychological intervention that encourages the patient to challenge their own thought patterns, as well as their emotional and biophysical responses to them.
CBT is used to treat and manage a lot of problematic behaviours, from overeating to problem gambling.
Most rehabs in Hertfordshire will offer CBT as a core element of any recovery program.
Dialectical Behavioural Therapy
Dialectal behavioural therapy is based on the same principles as CBT but is specifically used to treat a range of personality disorders.
It has proven to be effective in treating the most debilitating symptoms of personality disorders, such as self-harm and suicidal ideation.
It is common for people who struggle with addiction to also have a personality disorder, which often goes undiagnosed for a long period of time. Rehab treatment enables any such conditions to be identified, diagnosed and treated.
Many drug and alcohol rehabs in Hertfordshire can offer DBT when necessary.
Brief intervention is a broad term that describes any kind of short-term intervention and/or interruption of a person’s addiction or other problematic behaviour.
This might be something as simple as providing them with a helpline number or putting together a plan to get through the next days or weeks in the best frame of mind possible.
Fighting addiction is a lifelong challenge but is important to focus on maintaining your well-being in the short term as well. This is what brief interventions are designed for.
Most rehabs in Hertfordshire will use brief interventions periodically throughout recovery to ensure that treatment remains effective and on-track.
Motivational interviewing (MI) is a specialist counselling technique which has the aim of resolving a person’s ambivalence or apathy about their future.
Going through addiction and recovery can be a very draining process, and it can often leave a person in ‘survival mode’, focusing only on their short-term needs.
Motivational interviewing is a core part of many people’s addiction treatment in Hertfordshire.
The term ‘holistic’ can have a number of different meanings. In the context of rehab, it refers to a range of treatments that are designed to benefit your overall well-being, as well as provide you with something positive to focus on.
Holistic therapies provide a sense of purpose and focus for a person at rehab, and can also provide them with a new hobby, skill, or even profession after they leave.
Whilst the vast majority of addiction treatments in Hertfordshire will include some form of holistic therapy, the specific nature of it will depend on the location, resources and expertise of that rehab.
When going through the transformative experience of rehab, it can be very helpful to feel part of a small community. This is why group therapy meetings take up a large part of the schedule at rehab.
These meetings provide a safe and open forum for people to share their thoughts and feelings, as well as learn from others like them.
It is common for group therapy meetings to be chaired by a member of the on-site mental health team, or in some cases a senior group member.
Group therapy will be experienced by virtually everyone undergoing addiction treatment in Hertfordshire.
Although group therapy is a valuable part of the rehab experience, there are some things which are best discussed with a professional on a one-to-one basis.
Rehab gives you access to the highest standard of mental health care, meaning that you can work through your issues with the help and perspective of an experienced professional.
One-to-one therapy is a staple of every drug and alcohol rehab in Hertfordshire.
One of the most difficult things about recovery is trying to repair relationships with friends and family that have been damaged by addiction.
This is why family therapy is one of the treatments that is often offered at rehab – it gives an opportunity to try and mend those relationships together as a group.
Family therapy sessions usually involve members of your family coming to the clinic and taking part in sessions with you in person. Obviously, this is subject to potential COVID-19 guidelines.
Familial relationships are often complicated and fraught, so we understand if you do not want to take part in any kind of therapy. It will only happen if you consent to it.
Most drug and alcohol rehabs in Hertfordshire are able to host family therapy sessions when it is appropriate.
Being in addiction can very easily cause a person to lose perspective on their life, including their interpersonal relationships and how healthy or unhealthy they are.
Addiction can cause the person to develop toxic and/or co-dependent relationships as a means of survival. It can often take the improved perspective of sobriety and distance to see these relationships for what they are.
At rehab, you will have professional help to assess your various relationships and identify those which may be harmful to your well-being.
Many addiction treatment services in Hertfordshire have the necessary expertise to facilitate co-dependency treatment.
Twelve-Step Facilitation Therapy
As mentioned in the section about AA and NA, these organisations centre their approach around a 12-step model.
If you are committed to the 12-step programme, please be assured that you can have this incorporated into your care and treatment plan at rehab.
Some rehab clinics in Hertfordshire value the 12-step approach more than others, and we can help you to identify which would be most suitable for your needs.
Other therapy treatments that you can expect to find at rehab include Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, acupuncture, brief intervention, contingency management, drama therapy, equine therapy, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, dialectical behaviour therapy, motivational interviewing, group psychotherapy, mindfulness, motivational therapy, music therapy, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and talking therapies.
To learn more about the various treatments you might encounter whilst at rehab in Hertfordshire, call us on 0800 088 66 86
What is relapse prevention planning at rehab in Hertfordshire?
Relapse prevention planning is one of the most important parts of rehab treatment. It is essential to prepare as well as possible for your reintegration into the outside world.
Therefore, a robust plan needs to be made in order to give you the best chance of staying sober.
This will mean drawing up a plan which sets out things, places, or people to avoid, as well as positive and proactive steps that you can take to bolster your own recovery.
Some people like to use the HALT method of relapse prevention, which encourages people to make sure that they take care of their basic needs in order to reduce the chances of relapse.
HALT stands for ‘Hungry, Angry, Lonely, and Tired’. All of these can be risk factors for relapse, and it is best to stay on top of these needs. Search HALT ‘relapse prevention’ to find out more.
Relapse prevention requires a clear plan and a lifelong commitment to recovery. The payoff is a healthy, fulfilling life that is free from substance abuse.
Learn more about what addiction treatment in Hertfordshire will do to help you avoid relapse by calling us on 0800 088 66 86
What is addiction?
Addiction is often known as a ‘disease of the mind.’ This is because addiction is often a form of ‘self-medication’ used to cover up negative thoughts.
These negative thoughts are usually the result of sexual or physical abuse suffered during the addict’s early years.
For these reasons, addiction must be considered a symptom rather than the cause of the sufferer’s problems.
When you contact Rehab Recovery, we ensure you receive counselling and therapy sessions that are best suited to helping you overcome your mental issues.
There exist many hundreds of competing counselling and therapy techniques, and choosing the correct techniques is often difficult if you lack an advanced degree in psychology.
Fortunately, Rehab Recovery assesses your needs and then ensures you attend a rehab clinic offering therapy and counselling that’s tailored to your needs.
To find out more about how drug and alcohol rehabs in Hertfordshire approach addiction, call us on 0800 088 66 86
Do you need inpatient rehab In Hertfordshire?
Inpatient rehab can be beneficial to anyone who suffers from addiction, but there are a few factors that can make it more important to some people.
First, anyone who is considered to be at high risk of experiencing withdrawal should highly consider entering an inpatient treatment because withdrawal is when most relapses happen and can be dangerous if not monitored medically.
Second, people who have experienced a relapse as it is clear that they need more help/support than what they previously received or were currently receiving.
Finally, those who a less intensive treatment program was not working for.
To learn more about your options for addiction treatment in Hertfordshire, call us on 0800 088 66 86
What are the options for rehab in Hertfordshire?
Rehab Recovery offers a wide variety of treatment options in Hertfordshire. Each of these treatments offers its own particular advantages.
The most popular treatment option is perhaps the most effective. This is known as ‘residential treatment’.
As the name suggests, residential treatment requires you to move into the rehab clinic whilst you undergo your treatment.
There exist many such clinics in the Herefordshire area.
When you contact Rehab Recovery, we will help you select a rehab clinic that’s both affordable and suitable for your needs. This approach ensures you avoid rehab clinics that may not be best optimised in meeting your needs.
The second most popular treatment option in Hertfordshire is known as ‘outpatient treatment’. Here, you receive treatment during the day and return home during the evening. The chief drawback of this sort of treatment is that you are not removed from temptation whilst undergoing treatment. For this reason, outpatient treatment is known for its high relapse rate.
However, outpatient treatment is highly effective when combined with residential treatment.
This means you receive residential treatment between 2-5 weeks, and then receive follow-up treatment on an outpatient basis for a further 6-12 months. On this basis, outpatient treatment is highly effective in ensuring relapse does not occur during your first 12 months of sobriety.
Start your recovery journey at a rehab in Hertfordshire today – call our expert team on 0800 088 66 86
What are the benefits of private treatment in Hertfordshire?
There are many reasons why private treatment is considered to be one of the most successful treatment options for those who suffer from addiction.
These are outlined in the table below:
1. No Distractions
First of all, when a person enters a treatment centre, they remove themselves from everyday stressors and distractions that can prevent a person from focusing on recovery and staying sober.
2. Tailored Approach
Second, treatment plans at private facilities are generally provided on a case-by-case basis for each patient, which means it is designed to help a specific person, with their specific circumstances.
Other treatment options generally take a more one-size-fits-all approach, which is just generally not as successful for everyone.
3. Medical Care
Finally, in a private treatment centre, a person has access to 24/7 support from a team of professionals trained to help them through the recovery process.
4. Peer Support
During your inpatient stay, you will be sharing facilities and resources with people in a similar situation. Using this network of people for your own recovery has proven benefits, and private rehab often helps form bonds for life.
5. Trigger-Free Environment
In comparison to outpatient treatment, residential rehab offers completely secure and safe surroundings.
It does not enable recovering addicts to fall into old habits or meet up with negative people. It is impossible during inpatient treatment to run into situations where one might be ‘tempted’ to relapse.”
To learn more about what private rehab in Hertfordshire can do to help you, call our team on 0800 088 66 86
What is the admissions process for rehab in Hertfordshire?
When you decided to enter treatment, the first step is to reach out to a treatment provider or centre.
If you are looking for a centre for a loved one, you should complete this step before completing any kind of intervention. You may have to reach out to several facilities to find one that works for you.
You can ask questions about their treatment methods, amenities, and services. You can also ask questions about cost and insurance policies. After you pick a treatment centre, the patient will undergo a pre-intake screening, which is usually done over the phone before the patient arrives at the facility.
This will help the patient and provider evaluate whether they are a good fit, evaluate the level of care required, and learn important baseline information about the patient.
After this, a person can schedule a time to be dropped off at the facility (it is important to secure these travel arrangements ahead of time.)
Find out more about the admissions process for addiction treatment in Hertfordshire by calling us on 0800 088 66 86
What should I expect from inpatient drug and alcohol rehab in Hertfordshire?
Inpatient rehab usually starts with a medical detox (detox with the aid and supervision of medical professionals) and then personalised treatment.
This personalised treatment is created after careful evaluation of a patient’s circumstance and generally includes various kinds of therapy.
It can also include specific therapeutic activities, a diet plan, an exercise plan, and medicine if needed.
This plan will be completed by the patient with the aid of a team of professionals, including doctors, nurses, therapists, psychiatrists, psychologists, nutritionists, etc.
How Long is Inpatient Rehab Hertfordshire?
The length of inpatient rehab depends a lot on an individual’s situation. Some people will only spend a few weeks in rehab, while others may spend months or even a year or more.
Often, a medical professional can give you a time estimate after initial screening, but discharge is generally decided by milestones a patient reaches, not a specific time.
A combination of counsellors and doctors will decide when each patient is ready to be released. Remember, the discharge does not mean all treatment is over.
How Much Does Inpatient Addiction Treatment Cost In Hertfordshire?
Treatment cost depends on a few factors. First of all, the centre you choose. Some centres have more amenities and services than others and therefore, will typically cost more.
The level of care a specific patient needs and the length of time they need to spend at the centre also play into how much treatment will cost.
Some health insurance companies cover rehab, while others do not.
Sometimes insurance companies will only cover rehab at certain facilities for a certain amount of time or up until a certain amount, and you will be required to pay the rest out of pocket.
Learn more about the ins and out of rehab in Hertfordshire by calling our team on 0800 088 66 86
How does detox work at rehab in Hertfordshire?
Detox is the initial stage of all substance abuse recovery, whether you are dealing with drug or alcohol abuse problems.
This is the period of time where all traces of the substance leave your body and is also the time a person typically experiences the worst withdrawal symptoms.
It is important this process is done with the aid of a medical professional and that the person is monitored 24/7 because some symptoms can be dangerous.
Sometimes doctors will prescribe various medications during this process to minimise discomfort and prevent dangerous symptoms.
Completing detox in a facility also decreases a patient’s chance of relapse.
Learn more about detox during addiction treatment in Hertfordshire – call us on 0800 088 66 86
What is the importance of aftercare after rehab in Hertfordshire?
Aftercare is a critical component of avoiding relapse as it provides a person with ongoing support and aid to deal with life and long-term symptoms.
When you enrol in a recovery programme with us, your treatment isn’t just limited to your stay at one of our centres.
We provide all of our patients with 12 months of free aftercare services. Aftercare is any treatment a patient receives after leaving inpatient rehab. This can be with the facility that provided the inpatient treatment or an entirely separate program. Aftercare includes but is not limited to support groups, therapy, and continued medical support.
This includes specifically tailored access to resources, self-help tips, and other support schemes to help you avoid relapse and triggers in the outside world.
It also allows you access to a helpline that connects to one of our advisors in case of an emergency.
What is statutory-funded addiction treatment in Hertfordshire?
1. Hertfordshire CAMHS
Address: Belmont, Benet Building, Ruckhall Lane, Belmont, Hereford, HR2 9RP
2. Turning Point Hertfordshire Drug and Alcohol Recovery Service
Address: 1 Higgins Walk, Hitchin Rd, Stevenage SG1 4YP
3. Change Grow Live Hertfordshire
Address: St Martins House, 14 The Common, Hatfield AL10 0UR
4. Hertfordshire Mind
Address: 501 St Albans Road, Watford, Hertfordshire, WD24 7RZ
Telephone: 020 3727 3600
You can also browse through free information about addiction, provided by the NHS.
Alcohol and drug rehab is led by guidelines set by the American Society of Addiction Medicine, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, the National Association for Children of Alcoholics and the NHS Foundation Trust so you are in safe hands with person-centered care.
How Can I Refer Myself Into Rehab?
Rehab referrals vary depending on the type of addiction treatment you are seeking.
Whether you will be able to self-refer will depend on factors such as whether you need inpatient or outpatient treatment and whether you are seeking NHS treatment.
The best course of action if you want to begin addiction treatment is to talk to a member of the Rehab Recovery team or talk to your GP.
This way, you can get an overview of the types of addiction services available in Hertfordshire, what services are available long distance and which type of treatment might be best suited to you.
Some services also require referral via a GP, support worker or another healthcare professional, so it is worth seeing which services you can access via self referral vs which will require you to get a referral from a professional.
Many services are available via self referral however, including NHS and private addiction rehab, and you can find the self referral guidelines on the website of the treatment centre or by contacting them directly.
Usually when submitting a self referral for addiction treatment, you will need to complete a self referral form which you get from the rehab.
You can do this by getting in touch with the admissions team of the rehab, or filling out the self-referral form online if it is available.
Following this, a member of their team will get in touch with you and discuss treatment options, and depending on the type of treatment you will either have a set date for an in person assessment, have a time when your treatment will begin or be put on a waiting list and contacted when treatment is available for you.
What support can I get at Rehab Recovery?
Rehab Recovery offers advice and rehabilitation throughout St Albans, Hatfield, Harpenden, Borehamwood, Royston, Welwyn Garden City, Stevenage, Hertford, Hitchin, Bishop’s Stortford, Watford, Letchworth Garden City, Berkhamsted, Baldock, Hemel Hempstead, Abbots Langley, Ashwell, Baldock, Barnet, Hitchin, Hoddesdon, Kimpton, King’s Langley, Knebworth, Berkhamsted, Bishop’s Stortford, Borehamwood, Broxbourne, Buntingford, Stevenage, and more cities and towns across Hertfordshire.
All rehabs we work with are regulated by the Care Quality Commission (England or Wales) or the Care Inspectorate (Scotland).
At rehab you will learn key coping mechanisms and if you require more long-term care, you may be able to access sober living houses in order to maintain sobriety.
To begin your recovery journey at a rehab in Hertfordshire today, give our expert team a call on 0800 088 66 86
 National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (2020) ‘Understanding Alcohol Use Disorder’, Alcohol’s Effect on Health, https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/brochures-and-fact-sheets/understanding-alcohol-use-disorder
 Jóna Margrét Ólafsdóttir (2020), ‘Addiction within Families The impact of substance use disorder on the family system’, University of Lapland,
 Marina Barnard, Drug Addiction and Families, (2007; Jessica Kingsley Publishers) https://books.google.co.uk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=BmAOu9LNnY8C&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=impact+addiction+on+family+study+&ots=ou__fdkGsb&sig=d9hL1jUFnbLwIxuXNqSVInZ0swg#v=onepage&q&f=false
[6/7] Office for Health and Improvement Disparities (2023) Young people’s substance misuse treatment statistics 2021 to 2022: report’, GOV.UK, https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/substance-misuse-treatment-for-young-people-statistics-2021-to-2022/young-peoples-substance-misuse-treatment-statistics-2021-to-2022-report#:~:text=mental%20health%20team.-,Treatment%20exits,previous%20year’s%20proportion%20(79%25).
 National Institute on Drug Abuse (2020) ‘Preventing Drug Misuse and Addiction: The Best Strategy’, Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction, https://nida.nih.gov/publications/drugs-brains-behavior-science-addiction/preventing-drug-misuse-addiction-best-strategy
 Sandra Brown, Mark Myers, Mariam Mott and Peter W. Vik (1994) ‘Correlates of success following treatment for adolescent substance abuse’, Applied and Preventive Psychology, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0962184905801398
 Rudolf H. Moos and Bernice S. Moos (2007) ‘Rates and predictors of relapse after natural and treated remission from alcohol use disorders’,Addiction, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1976118/
 Health and Safety Executive, Managing drug and alcohol misuse at work, https://www.hse.gov.uk/alcoholdrugs/support-employees.htm
 UNISON: The Public Service Union, Alcohol, drugs and substance abuse, https://www.unison.org.uk/get-help/knowledge/health-and-safety/alcohol-drugs-and-substance-abuse/
 Robert J. Meyers, Hendrik G. Roozen and Jane Ellen Smith, (2011) ‘The Community Reinforcement Approach’, Alcohol, Research and Health, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3860533/
 R J Meyers, W R Miller, D E Hill and J S Tonigan (1998) ‘Community reinforcement and family training (CRAFT): engaging unmotivated drug users in treatment’, Journal of Substance Abuse, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10689661/
 National Institute on Drug Abuse (2020) ‘Sex and Gender Differences in Substance Use Disorder Treatment’, Substance Use in Women Research Report, https://nida.nih.gov/publications/research-reports/substance-use-in-women/sex-gender-differences-in-substance-use-disorder-treatment
 HM Inspectorate of Prisons (2015) Changing patterns of substance misuse in adult prisons and service responses, A thematic review, https://www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmiprisons/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2015/12/Substance-misuse-web-2015.pdf
 National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (2021) ‘The Cycle of Alcohol Addiction’, Alcohol’s Effects on Health, https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/cycle-alcohol-addiction#:~:text=Alcohol%20addiction%20is%20a%20chronic,alcohol%20is%20no%20longer%20available.
 World Health Organisation (WHO), Drugs (psychoactive), https://www.who.int/health-topics/drugs-psychoactive#tab=tab_1
 Rosanna O’Connor (2020) ,’Alcohol dependence and mental health’, GOV.UK: UK Health Security Agency, https://ukhsa.blog.gov.uk/2020/11/17/alcohol-dependence-and-mental-health/
 Centres for Addiction and Control Prevention (2022) ‘Alcohol Use and Your Health’, Alcohol and Public Health, https://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/alcohol-use.htm
 Health and Safety Executive (2022) Signs Of Alcohol Dependence, https://www2.hse.ie/living-well/alcohol/dependence/signs-patterns/