Drug & Alcohol Rehab in Dudley
Not only is drug and alcohol addiction problematic in Dudley and the rest of the West Midlands, drug and alcohol use, even in moderate quantities, can present a range of problems for communities in Dudley and the rest of the United Kingdom.
However, while it is certainly a problem which the whole nation, along with other countries, needs to address, Dudley in the West Midlands is suffering from a range of problems related to substance use disorder, or addiction.
To discuss your options for drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley, please contact our dedicated team on 0800 088 66 86.
Addiction Statistics in the United Kingdom
In the United Kingdom, it is estimated that there are over 600,000 people who are suffering from alcoholism or alcohol addiction. Of this number, it is estimated that less than one in five are actually receiving professional treatment for their addiction.
In addition to alcohol addiction, hundreds of thousands of people are suffering from drug addiction in the United Kingdom. Out of the number of people who are undergoing treatment at a rehab facility, it is estimated that over half are suffering from opiate addiction.
While alcohol addiction makes up the second largest group for patients in rehab recovery, over 60% of patients claimed that they had a problem with alcohol, regardless of whether they entered a rehab facility in order to receive treatment for alcohol or another drug.
The same study conducted by the UK Government estimated that the number of people entering treatment is increasing each year. Whether this is because more people are comfortable entering treatment, or more people are becoming addicted to intoxicating substances, is unknown.
Addiction Statistics in Dudley and the West Midlands
In Dudley specifically, 2019 to 2020 saw almost 1,000 new presentations into treatment due to drug or alcohol addiction. Of this number, 27% of patients entering treatment were parents living with children, whereas another 34% were parents not living with treatment.
Only 6 miles away in Wolverhampton, it was estimated that almost 900 people entered treatment due to drug and alcohol addiction during the same timeframe. Of this number, 16% were parents living with children whereas 31% were parents living without their children.
Despite the fact that Wolverhampton has over three times the amount of people when it comes to population, Dudley reported significantly worse rates of people who are suffering from drug or alcohol addiction.
Furthermore, a greater proportion of patients in Dudley were parents when compared to patients in Wolverhampton.
The same studies also show that the number of people per 1,000 of the population in England suffering from opiate addiction was at 2 per 1,000, whereas in Dudley the rate was 3 people per 1,000.
In the West Midlands Substance Misuse Report, statistics show that communities in the West Midlands, with Dudley in particular, suffer significantly due to drug and alcohol misuse.
The report states that discarded needles used for drug consumption are found multiple times per day in the West Midlands, however, Dudley failed to report the number of discarded needles found, meaning that the number is likely to be higher than initially thought.
When analysing the number of adults with substance misuse (also known as substance abuse) who required treatment following release from prison, areas such as Birmingham, Wolverhampton, and Dudley performed significantly worse than the national average.
This means that in these areas, fewer people are receiving access to structured treatment for their addiction.
Furthermore, the West Midlands Substance Misuse Report also claims that around half of crimes such as theft, assault and sexual assault, burglaries, and more are committed by offenders who are under the influence of addictive substances, often either alcohol, cocaine, or heroin.
When combined with the fact that Dudley is a region which fails to meet the treatment needs of convicted offenders released from prison, drug and alcohol addiction will continue to burden its society.
Furthermore, it is estimated that each offender who is suffering from substance abuse creates costs (damages, legal fees, etc.) of around £26,000 per year.
To discuss your options for drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley, please contact our dedicated team on 0800 088 66 86.
The Neurological Disease of Drug & Alcohol Addiction
Despite the many stigmas and misconceptions surrounding the topic of addiction, it is a neurological disease. It is often people who are fortunate enough to not have suffered from a physical and psychological dependency on an addictive substance, whether drugs or alcohol, who downplay the severity of the addiction.
Not only do they downplay its severity, but they also ignore the fact that addiction is established as a chronic brain disease by neurological scientists and their neuroscientific models.
The Brain Disease Model of Addiction in particular notes the physiological changes which occur as a result of chemical alterations which take place in the brain.
When people have a genetic predisposition to suffering from addiction, their mesolimbic pathways, which are also commonly referred to as the reward pathways, are more susceptible and can be reinforced and become dependent on an activity or behaviour which provides them with a flood of dopamine and serotonin in the brain.
Basically, some people are more likely to suffer from addiction than others, and frequently and excessively consuming alcohol or drugs can increase their chances of becoming addicted significantly.
The more someone consumes an addictive substance, the more dependent on it they become.
So, when someone has been drinking or consuming drugs frequently for years, they have been increasing their dependence on the substance, making it increasingly difficult to abstain from the euphoria that it can bring.
Symptoms of Alcohol Addiction & Long-Term Health Complications
Suffering from drug and alcohol addiction can incite a range of short-term and long-term health ramifications. There are many different symptoms of drug and alcohol addiction, and they will vary according to genetic factors, the substance used, frequency and quantity of consumption, pre-existing health conditions, and more.
Short-Term Symptoms of Drug and Alcohol Addiction
Addicted people who abstain from their addictive substance will begin to experience many discomforting symptoms as their body craves it. These are called ‘withdrawal symptoms‘.
Withdrawal symptoms present themselves both physically and psychologically. Many addicted people will experience either one form or the other, however, many also experience both physical and psychological symptoms.
Examples of withdrawal symptoms include but are not limited to headaches, sweating, vomiting, diarrhoea, trembling, shaking, hallucinations, anxiety, depression, seizures, and more.
In addition to cravings and compulsion, withdrawal symptoms are a significant factor as to why many people relapse. People who are not addicted may think it would be easy just to abstain if they are suffering from headaches, however, withdrawal symptoms can be excruciating and severe, sometimes even fatal.
If someone is suffering from a physical dependency, in particular, they may be at risk of suffering from a stroke or a seizure, which can then lead to death. Because of this, a medical detox is necessary at a drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley.
Long-Term Health Problems Associated With Drug and Alcohol Addiction
However, the effects of drug and alcohol addiction on the body and the mind are not confined to short-term symptoms. While addicted people will be able to reverse most symptoms if they abstain and recover with enough support, addicted people who have abused their bodies for years at a high intensity may suffer from irreversible health effects.
Alcohol addiction in particular can lead to a range of diseases such as Alcoholic Liver Disease, Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, and Liver Cirrhosis, for example.
These are when the liver is unable to keep up with the sheer amount of alcohol that it needs to process, and not only is fat stored in the liver, constant inflammation leads to liver scarring.
Furthermore, alcohol is considered to be a carcinogen and can lead to a range of cancers such as liver cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, and much more.
Mentally, people may suffer from psychosis and hallucinations due to their substance misuse. Prolonged substance misuse at a high intensity can lead to the development of depression as well as conditions such as schizophrenia, where people are unable to decipher what is real from what is not.
While mental conditions such as these can be treated, heavy abuse of the mind due to drug and alcohol addiction can lead to irreversible damage.
To discuss your options for drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley, please contact our dedicated team on 0800 088 66 86.
The Admission Process at Drug & Alcohol Rehab in Dudley
When you are suffering from an addiction, it can be difficult to understand where to start. Not only is there a wide range of ways in which you can enter rehab, but there is also a wide range of treatment options, with some being more beneficial for your condition than others.
At Rehab Recovery, we can help you not only find the right drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley for you but help you undergo an addiction treatment programme which is tailored to your unique needs.
By reaching out and dialling the number 0800 088 66 86, we can help you overcome the logistical obstacles when it comes to entering a drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley.
When you call us at Rehab Recovery, we are here to cater to your needs, and we will only conduct a health assessment once you are ready and willing to give your consent. The health assessment is a simple phone call, at no extra cost, and requires you to complete a set of questions about your addiction, medical history, general well-being, and more.
Using your information, a consultant psychiatrist can help us identify a drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley which will cater to your unique needs by tailoring an appropriate recovery plan.
Care Criteria at a Drug & Alcohol Rehab in Dudley
Addiction does not just mean one form of illness, and addiction treatment does not come in one form either. Each case of addiction is unique according to the addicted person’s physiological reaction, their level of dependence, symptoms, medical history, and so on.
So, when there is a wide spectrum when it comes to requirements and severity of addiction, there also needs to be a wide spectrum of treatment care and unique methods.
Patients are often divided into four levels of care at drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley which include:
- Outpatient Treatment: Entering drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley as an outpatient, and undergoing a range of therapy and counselling without needing to stay at the facility overnight. Outpatient Treatment typically does not require detoxification.
- Intensive Outpatient Treatment (IOP): IOP provides patients will a higher level of treatment than the previous level, yet they are still able to maintain work commitments. Patients are expected to attend classes, workshops, and therapy either in the morning or in the evening for around 6+ hours a week.
- Inpatient Treatment: This requires patients to enter and stay at a residential rehab facility. Here, they will be able to undergo detox, therapy and counselling, and will receive thorough support by medical staff who are working at the facility. This is optimal for patients suffering from withdrawal symptoms, mental issues, and high relapse potential.
- Intensive Inpatient Treatment: Also known as Partial Hospitalisation treatment, this is for patients who require strict medical supervision. Because they suffer from a severe form of substance use disorder, they will need to undergo treatment as an inpatient with a high level of supervision from health practitioners.
Outpatient Care at a Drug & Alcohol Rehab in Dudley
Outpatient treatment is typically offered to addicted people who are suffering from a mild form of drug or alcohol dependence. This is because outpatient care is more flexible and requires less medical supervision for patients.
Addiction treatment plans for outpatients typically require that the patient attends a few hours of therapy and counselling per week. Because their addiction and dependence level is not as severe as others, they are capable of recovering without needing to stay at an onsite accommodation at rehab.
Another benefit of outpatient care is that it is not only an inexpensive option, but it also requires little or no pay at all to undergo addiction treatment. This is because treatment is publically funded at an outpatient rehab at facilities such as the NHS, for example.
However, it must be noted that there is a lack of intensity and personalisation when it comes to outpatient treatment programmes. This is because publically funded programmes lack the resources and workers to cater to each and every patient in an area which is highly in demand.
In addition to the lack of intensity and personalisation, patients may find themselves on a long waiting list to receive treatment as an outpatient.
Inpatient Care at a Residential Drug & Alcohol Rehab in Dudley
Patients who are suffering from a moderate or severe form of drug and alcohol dependencewill be required to undergo residential treatment programs. This is because their addiction is more severe, and they require a higher level of support when it comes to monitoring their physical and psychological health and response to treatment methods.
At a residential drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley, patients will be able to undergo an intensive, personalised and fully comprehensive recovery programme which will optimise their recovery. A personalised recovery programme will not only focus on addiction issues but psychological issues and other requirements which the patient may have.
Additionally, patients will be able to sleep at accommodation at or near the same facility where their treatment will take place. This means that they will have more access to treatment and support from medical staff, and they will be separated from a social environment which initially exposed them to a range of addiction issues.
While residential rehab is thought to be the most effective form of treatment for patients who are suffering from addiction, it does require payment. This is because it is privately funded. However, in return, patients will receive high-quality addiction treatment.
For a month’s stay at rehab, patients could expect to pay around £5,000 to around £15,000 for treatment. However, it could be more expensive if they want to opt for a luxurious facility.
However, if luxury is not a priority, there are ways that they can be more frugal. If they wish to reduce the price, they can opt to stay in a multi-occupancy room, which is cheaper than a single-occupancy room. Factors such as experience, reputation, facility qualities, and more will have a significant influence on the price of the chosen drug and alcohol rehab.
While it may seem expensive for some patients, it is important to recognise that this is arguably the most effective way to overcome drug and alcohol addiction, and it is essentially an investment into a better life of sobriety and optimal health.
Medicated Alcohol or Drug Detox at a Drug & Alcohol Rehab in Dudley
A patient who is suffering from severe withdrawal symptoms will need the support of a medical or medicated detox in order to recover successfully. Typically, this detox is associated with patients who are suffering from physical dependencies on drugs and alcohol.
This is because physical withdrawal symptoms are a problem which need to be addressed through pharmacological intervention. Psychological withdrawal symptoms can cause significant problems, however, physical withdrawal symptoms can potentially kill patients through strokes or seizures, for example.
During the detox phase, patients will spend from around a week to two weeks in a comfortable facility which is safeguarded and monitored by trained health practitioners. Here, they will receive medication in order for their withdrawal symptoms to pass before proceeding to attend therapy and counselling sessions.
There are different forms of medications for different purposes, and they will be carefully prescribed. Medications such as Subutex, Naltrexone, or Benzodiazepines, will relieve patients of pain by reducing symptoms of insomnia, anxiety, or seizures.
These medications will be prescribed by an experienced addiction physician who understands the condition and unique needs and requirements of each patient.
Additionally, patients can undergo a home detox should they prefer to undergo addiction treatment as an outpatient. This would involve having a health practitioner travel to the patient’s home in order to ensure that they are coping and to prescribe them medication.
However, a home detox is most optimal when it is facilitated at a residential rehab. This is because there is far less of a chance of the patient experiencing a relapse if they are being supported by many different health practitioners at a rehab which minimises relapse triggers.
Therapeutic Methods & Addiction Counselling at a Rehab in Dudley
At a drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley, patients will need to be treated for many different aspects of their health.
Suffering from an addiction does not always mean that they are only addicted to a substance, it could mean that they have been exposed to addiction due to a range of mental issues as well as toxic cognitive and behavioural patterns, whether theirs or someone close to them.
In order to help patients heal optimally, and be able to sustain long-term recovery, they will need to receive help for their mental and spiritual health, their relationships with others, improving their living environment, and more in addition to physiological dependence on the addictive substance.
1. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for addiction
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is arguably the most frequently used form of therapy. Rather than being restricted to treating patients suffering from one condition, such as addiction, it is also used to treat those who are suffering profoundly from mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, PTSD, and more.
This form of therapy is categorised as individual therapy. This means that there is only one patient for each session of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, and this maximises the time spent engaging with the licensed counsellor who will be able to personalise sessions optimally.
By personalising these sessions, the licensed counsellor will be able to discuss the patient’s family history, addiction history, and cognitive and behavioural problems in order to help them overcome the obstacles which are not only harming their addiction but other areas of their life.
Some of the problems present in patients suffering from addiction include depression, self-loathing, suicide ideation, cognitive distortion, and more. These problems, while not directly related to addiction, can lead to excessive drug or alcohol consumption which may eventually lead to addiction.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is imperative in initiating the road to recovery from addiction. This is because patients will understand what kind of tendencies or patterns they exhibit are actually harmful, and how they can seek to improve their life by practising healthier lifestyle habits.
2. Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT) for addiction
Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT) is similar to the therapy listed above, however, it isn’t restricted to individual therapy. While sessions may only be between a counsellor and the patient, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy can be structured in the format of group therapy.
Additionally, this form of therapy places emphasis on patients who find that they are struggling to control their emotions. Whereas Cognitive Behavioural Therapy may attempt to reconfigure cognitive and behavioural patterns, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy aims to help patients manage their emotions in order to become more mindful and rational.
Patients will also learn about meditation and stress management techniques. These techniques can help people enter a better frame of mind with more emotional control and processing ability whenever they are dealing with addiction or other difficult scenarios in life.
3. Family Therapy for addiction
The family, whether they have a positive or a negative influence on their loved one undergoing treatment at rehab, can play a crucial role in their recovery. If family members share a positive relationship with the patient undergoing recovery at the rehab in Dudley, they can be instrumental in supporting their recovery.
On the other hand, if a family has a negative relationship or negative influence on their loved one, Family Therapy can help rectify these patterns by minimising the damage that their behaviour has on their loved one.
Because of the endless family dynamics and variety in personalities and other factors among different families and households, Family Therapy encompasses a range of methods in order to deal with different issues.
Some popular examples of Family Therapy include Family Behaviour Therapy, Multidimensional Family Therapy, Functional Family Therapy, Brief Strategic Family Therapy.
For young adolescents who are suffering from substance use addiction, parents who have more responsibility over their children will need support in order to assist their recovery, Multisystemic Therapy is an effective form of therapy. This is because Multisystemic Therapy aims to help parents understand the complex nature of their child’s addiction, how they can help facilitate their recovery, and create a living environment which is suitable for their child.
When a family, or particular family members, display negative and toxic behavioural patterns which can have a drastic effect on someone’s mental development and actions, Brief Strategic Family Therapy is often employed. This is because it aims to help family members develop healthier and more constructive habits which will have a positive influence on the patient and family member.
Family Behaviour Therapy, Functional Family Therapy, and Multidimensional Family Therapy cater to most families as they aim to improve mental well-being, relationships, and communication between family members.
Regardless of the relationship that family members have with their addicted loved one, these forms of therapies can benefit family well-being and dynamics by helping them gain insight into their loved one’s addiction, and also to help them cope emotionally with the entire process of addiction recovery.
4. Holistic Therapy for addiction
While most forms of therapy deal with emotional and mental issues associated with substance use disorder and the process of recovery, very rarely do they deal with the physical or spiritual health of the patient.
Because of this, Holistic Therapy, or Holistic Psychotherapy, can play a crucial part in someone’s recovery and journey towards optimal health.
When people suffer from conditions and illnesses such as addiction, their physical and spiritual health can suffer just as much as their mental health.
Not only can addiction directly lead to a range of physical health complications through disease, cancer, withdrawal symptoms, and more, deterioration in mental health can have many more adverse effects on the body.
Additionally, illnesses such as addiction compromise spiritual health significantly. Spiritual health relates to a person’s sense of purposefulness and self-actualisation. Without spiritual health, someone may suffer profoundly.
Because physical, mental, and spiritual well-being is so vital, treating the patient holistically is important in order to maximise their general health and well-being.
Some examples of Holistic Therapy include but are not limited to:
- Massages: Mental stress can manifest physically, particularly in the form of muscle tension. When someone is repressing or not addressing their mental problems, they may suffer from ‘psychosomatic’ symptoms. Massages will not only reduce physical tension in the body, but it can reduce levels of stress and anxiety in the mind of patients.
- Acupuncture: Acupuncture also stems from the belief that physical tension can be a product of mental stress and tension as well as physical ones. Patients who undergo acupuncture typically experience a decrease in physical and mental tension, as well as a reduction in headaches and migraines which are commonly associated with addiction.
- Aromatherapy: Aromatherapy can improve sleep quality, and reduce stress and anxiety, among other benefits. Natural plants and oils are thought to be strong promoters of health and well-being by promoting a range of physical and psychological benefits.
- Yoga: Yoga can provide a range of physical and psychological benefits simultaneously. Consistent practising in yoga will increase someone’s strength, flexibility, and mobility, as well as improve their breathwork and ability to manage stress levels.
- Mindfulness & Meditation: Practising breathwork and meditation can increase a patient’s awareness drastically. Improving levels of mindfulness and mental focus can improve someone’s mental and spiritual health significantly. Meditation in particular is shown to improve the level of grey matter in the brain which is fundamental in emotional processing and memorisation. Practising consistently will help them to be more resilient whenever they are faced with adversity.
- Equine Therapy: Equine Therapy can promote tremendous results among patients suffering from addiction or other mental health issues. This is because pets can facilitate emotional support and regulation, as well as increase the level of self-confidence that someone has by fulfilling responsibilities and completing objectives.
- Adventure Therapy: Adventure Therapy can reunite patients with nature by having them take part in a range of thrilling exercises outdoors. Its benefits include improving sociability, independence, and organisational skills, and inciting ‘behavioural activation’ among participants who successfully complete activities.
- Art Therapy: Sometimes, it is difficult for the patient to articulate the stress and turmoil that they are experiencing. Art Therapy provides them an outlet to externalise and communicate their feelings without actually vocalising it, but pouring their emotions and experiences onto a canvas.
5. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for addiction
In order to be able to commit fully towards recovery methods at rehab, patients must be able to accept their predisposition to addiction and physiological dependence on intoxicating substances.
Rather than resisting the idea that they are in fact suffering from a disease of chronic brain relapsing, they must accept their illness and commit towards their structured treatment programme in order to progress.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, or ACT, teaches patients to be stoical about their condition. Once they accept their weaknesses, they can act in order to overcome them.
They already have the prerequisite skills in order to overcome addiction, and they are receiving thorough and professional support in the form of addiction treatment.
6. Motivational Interviewing for addiction
In addition to Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Motivational Interviewing is another effective method which can engage patients with their recovery programmes.
Whereas the previous form of therapy may help patients accept their imperfections, Motivational Interviewing mimics the format of an interview in order to bolster an addicted person’s willingness to engage in recovery methods.
A typical session of Motivational Interviewing will consist of a licensed counsellor and a patient. The licensed counsellor will have a range of questions which should evoke a range of thoughts and feelings concerning the patient’s addiction history and their reasons for entering the drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley.
Discussing the reasons behind seeking addiction treatment services will help the counsellor remind the patient of their intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors towards striving for sobriety.
While it is not necessarily a form of therapy, it can certainly maximise the effectiveness of other therapies because the level of patient participation will be greater.
7. 12-Step Programme for addiction
The 12 Step Programme is unique because it can be practised throughout rehab and also after rehab for as long as the patient likes. This lifestyle guideline is often utilised in support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous or SMART Recovery in a way to improve the lives of their members who are striving for better.
Often, former patients of addiction practise the 12-Step Programme at their drug and alcohol rehab, or at a support group, and they can do so for around 90 days, 2 years, or even longer. It depends on the patient and their other responsibilities, but the 12-Step Programme is very flexible for its members.
The 12-Step Programme, Plan, or Facilitation Therapy, consists of a list of rules in which members should live their lives in order to optimise not only their addiction recovery but their spiritual and mental health.
The 12-Step Programme helps patients find their inner strength and incite their pre-requisite abilities to overcome addiction and practise a life of sobriety.
Some of these steps include surrender, personal inventory, forgiveness, acceptance, making amends with others, rebuilding relationships, and more.
Relapse Prevention Planning at Addiction Rehab
While patients will be thoroughly supported throughout their medical detox in order to minimise the short-term symptoms and complications of addiction (e.g. withdrawal symptoms, cravings, and so on), it is important that they are taught the necessary knowledge and abilities to sustain their abstinence after rehab.
A comprehensive recovery programme will teach patients about effective techniques for sustaining their abstinence upon leaving their drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is an example of a therapy which can be used in order to reinforce relapse prevention strategies, due to its purpose of helping patients develop healthier habits.
However, there are other forms which can be effectively incorporated into a recovery programme, such as HALT, which stands for ‘Hungry, Angry, Lonely, Tired’. This relapse prevention planning method will help patients manage any cravings should they experience them.
While people may think that patients only come in the form of physical cravings, they can come in the form of emotional cravings. That is when patients are hurting emotionally and are craving comfort, whether in the form of intimate support, guidance, or drugs or alcohol.
They can also come in the form of ‘positive triggers’, such as songs, parties, or environments invoking nostalgia and making the person crave for their substance.
Addiction Aftercare Services for Former Patients of Drug & Alcohol Rehab in Dudley
In addition to a comprehensive relapse prevention plan, former patients who underwent treatment at drug and alcohol rehab in Dudley will also undergo an aftercare programme in order to sustain their treatment, albeit allowing them to have much more independence.
It is not possible for a patient to stay in recovery at rehab forever. Therefore, with the timeframe that the patient has, it is important that they understand how to remain sober and live optimally without the use of intoxicating substances, before eventually leaving rehab.
A comprehensive aftercare service will offer a range of benefits. Depending on the rehab facility, patients may receive financial guidance, career support, continued therapy and counselling, and access to support groups where they can undergo the 12-Step Programme as an outpatient.
Some popular forms of support groups include Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA), as well as SMART Recovery and many more. At these support groups, patients will have the chance to attend support sessions and anonymously share their experiences with addiction and recovery with others.
This can provide them with an outlet for emotional purging, and when they are listening to other participants who are doing the same, it can grant them valuable insight into unique and personal experiences in addiction recovery journeys.
When former patients attend support groups and receive support in the form of aftercare services, their likelihood of maintaining their sobriety is far higher than someone who does not.
This is because they are constantly practising and refining their skills and knowledge, and applying it into their lifestyle of sobriety. Recovery is a long-term process, and unfortunately, patients are always exposed to the risks of relapsing and falling back into drug and alcohol addiction.
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