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Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Falkirk

Learn about drug and alcohol rehab and detox in Falkirk. The rehab clinic offers a robust admissions process, supervised detox, and evidence-based treatments.

    Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Falkirk

    This article will discuss drug and alcohol rehab in Falkirk.

    According to the latest statistics from Alcohol Focus Scotland, 1 in 4 people in Scotland is deemed to be hazardous drinkers (consuming more than 14 units per week).

    The Scottish Drug Misuse Database (SDMD) conducted a recent study that indicates substance use in Scotland.

    Of the 10,757 individuals that the SDMD recorded, 81% reported using an illegal substance44% heroin, 33% cocaine/crack, 31% cannabis, and 30% diazepam.

    Such reports are indicative of the most used substances in Scotland and their popularity.

    Heroin is the most common illegal substance amongst those with a substance dependency, followed by cannabis, cocaine/crack, and prescription pills.

    Of the 10,757, 9,385 individuals provided information regarding their alcohol consumption.

    40% were recorded as frequent consumers of alcohol, with 31% stating that they consumed alcohol every day. [1]

    For more information regarding alcohol and drug statistics in Scotland, please follow this link.

    For those struggling with alcohol and/or drug dependency in Falkirk, this article will provide useful information.

    It will discuss what treatment options are available in Falkirk, how to access them, and what to expect during the treatment process.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    How Do I Know if I am Addicted?

    The outside of a bar

    Deciding if/when treatment is necessary can be difficult. Common questions individuals using substances will ask to include: how do I know if I am addicted? What are the signs of addiction?

    Fortunately, there are often clear indicators that addiction is emerging or has occurred – these will be discussed in detail below.

    However, it is always recommended that individuals seek advice from a General Practitioner or other medical professionals.

    The signs of addiction can often be variable, depending on the person, how long they have been using, and what substance they have used.

    Heroin addiction, for example, is likely to cause serious physiological and psychological changes, such as weight loss, nausea, insomnia, and stomach issues.

    Cannabis addiction, on the other hand, might be more subtle – poor concentration, mood swings, irritability, sleepiness, and fatigue.

    There are, however, some more universal indicators of addiction. These include:

    • No longer being interested in socialising unless taking the substance
    • No longer being interested in hobbies or activities – the substance has become the priority in the individual’s life
    • Financial problems occurring due to the money spent on the substance
    • Increased tolerance to the substance
    • Changes in personality – becoming more paranoid, irritable, stressed, or anxious
    • Changes in behaviour – stealing, no longer being hygienic, or being more aggressive
    • Engaging in secretive behaviour – hiding the substance use, the money spent on it, or how often it is being consumed

    Although these are some of the more general indicators, one of the most indicative signs that addiction has occurred is withdrawal.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    Symptoms of addiction withdrawal

    man looking stressed

    Simply put, withdrawal refers to cravings for a substance that manifest themselves psychically or psychologically.

    Withdrawal occurs after prolonged use of a substance. This is because the mind and body will become dependent upon the substance to function properly.

    If a dependency has occurred and the person stops using the substance, some unpleasant symptoms might emerge.

    This can vary from substance to substance – this will be covered in more detail below – but usually, symptoms include:

    • Anxiety
    • Depression
    • Paranoia
    • Agitation and irritability
    • Flu symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, and diarrhoea

    If any of these symptoms occur when the individual stops using a substance, they have likely developed a dependency.

    In addition to looking for these indicators, medical professionals have developed tools to help uncover whether addiction has occurred.

    One of the most used tools is the CAGE (Cutting down, Annoyance by criticism, Guilty feeling, and Eye-openers) questionnaire. [2]

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    The CAGE Questionnaire

    Consultation.

    Research has found that the CAGE questionnaire has a 93% success rate in determining whether a person has an addiction.

    Each letter is used to ask a question relating to substance use.

    For alcohol, these are:

    1. Have you ever felt you should cut down on your drinking?
    2. Have people annoyed you by criticising your drinking?
    3. Have you ever felt bad or guilty about your drinking?
    4. Have you ever had a drink first thing in the morning to steady your nerves or get rid of a hangover (eye-opener)?

    For drugs, these are:

    1. Have people annoyed you by criticising your drug use?
    2. Have you felt bad or guilty about your drug use?
    3. Have you ever used drugs first thing in the morning to steady your nerves or to get rid of a hangover (eye-opener)?

    Each question is answered by a yes or no. Although, on the surface, such questions seem simple, each has been designed to uncover an aspect of addiction.

    The ‘C’, for example, uncovers whether the individual is using a substance regularly.

    The ‘A’ helps indicate whether the individual is aware of their substance use and how others – family or loved ones, for example – feel about it.

    The ‘G’ helps uncover emotions and feelings related to addiction, such as shame or guilt.

    The ‘E’ helps uncover how/why the substance is used – as a coping tool, for example.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    What is a Drug and Alcohol Intervention?

    A man and a woman talking with a health professional

    Drug and alcohol intervention refers to gathering what medical professionals refer to as Concerned Others (COs) – friends and family – to convince their loved ones that they need to seek help regarding their substance use or addiction.

    Usually, interventions are aimed at individuals who are unaware or have not accepted that they have a problem or are simply unwilling to seek help.

    Interventions usually aim to:

    1. Provide examples of how a loved one’s behaviour has been destructive and the impact it has had on COs.
    2. Develop a plan to seek treatment
    3. Provide an ultimatum for the loved one if they do not seek help – this might include no longer receiving emotional or financial support or being provided with accommodation.

    Interventions can be emotionally difficult and have the potential to cause arguments. There are, however, some useful tips to help prevent this.

    These include:

    • Only include the loved one’s closest family and friends
    • Make sure not to overwhelm the loved one
    • Write down what you think is important to discuss
    • Practice talking about concerns before the intervention
    • Employ the help of a professional interventionist

    The most important aspect of an intervention is communication – it needs to be positive, encouraging, and calm.

    This is not always easy to achieve, and it is recommended that COs seek the help of a professional – this could include an interventionist, a psychologist, a social worker, or a psychiatrist.

    Such professionals will help in various ways, such as helping develop positive communication tools, providing expertise about addiction, and helping organise and mediate the intervention.

    It is also worth looking into various intervention methods that have been developed specifically to help COs.

    An example of this is the Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) method. [3]

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    The CRAFT Method of Intervention

    CBT Therapy Session

    CRAFT is aimed at teaching COs how to conduct a successful intervention through positive communication and positive behaviour reinforcement.

    It has several main objectives:

    1. Teaching COs about how addiction occurs and is sustained
    2. Teaching COS about how triggers and behaviours influence addiction
    3. Helping COs to develop positive communication tools
    4. Teaching COs how positive reinforcement can influence behaviour changes
    5. Teaching COs how to organise and conduct an intervention
    6. Teaching COs about treatment options and what support is available for their loved one

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    Public Versus Private Rehab in Falkirk

    Living Room

    There are many treatment options available for individuals suffering from drug or alcohol dependency in Falkirk.

    An example of a free service is Addictions Support and Counselling (ASC) Falkirk.

    Access to ASC is available through self-referral and referral through a professional, such as a GP, health professional, or social worker. [4]

    ASC offer a variety of services, such as:

    For more information about ASC, please follow this link: https://www.scottishdrugservices.com/Home/Details/28

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    Can I receive addiction treatment through the NHS?

    two people holding hands

    It is also possible to receive treatment through the NHS, but it is recommended that people try free services beforehand.

    This is because treatment through the NHS is often reserved for those with severe addiction.

    In addition, access to NHS treatment requires funding from Falkirk Council – a GP or key worker will have to apply for this on your behalf.

    Wait times for treatment via the NHS can be lengthy – usually between six months to a year.

    For more information about NHS treatment options, it is recommended that individuals speak with their GP.

    There are also many private rehabs in Falkirk. However, these are often quite expensive.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    How much does rehab cost?

    Man looking at computer.

    According to recently gathered statistics, the average private rehab in the UK costs between £10,00014,000 per month.

    It is possible to have these expenses covered by health insurance. In the UK, most health insurance providers – AXA, BUPA, Aviva, for example – provide packages that cover treatment.

    Such packages usually cost between £150250 per month.

    Individuals who are employed and seeking to enter treatment should speak with their manager or HR department, as employee health insurance might also cover treatment costs.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    Inpatient Versus Outpatient Treatment in Falkirk

    rehab's-kitchen

    There are two main types of treatment for drug and alcohol dependency: inpatient and outpatient treatment.

    Both are similar in that they help with detox, offer medical assistance, provide counselling throughout the treatment, and offer aftercare – more on these below.

    However, there are some important differences worth mentioning. The main difference is that inpatient requires the individual to stay overnight at a facility for the duration of the treatment , and outpatient does not.

    The benefit of staying overnight at a facility is that the individual will have 24/7 access to medical assistance and has an opportunity to come away from their usual environment.

    This is particularly good for individuals that have a severe addiction.

    Inpatient treatment also tends to last for a shorter period than outpatient treatment (several weeks). This is due to it being more intensive.

    The benefit of outpatient treatment is that it can be fitted around an individual’s life. For example, if the individual is employed or has other responsibilities.

    This comes with the caveat that the individual is not removed from their usual environment.

    Studies have found that treatment success is increased by individuals not being surrounded by potential triggers. [5]

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    How Long Does Rehab Last in Falkirk?

    two people talking

    On average, treatment lasts between 30 to 90 days. However, some treatments can last a lot longer – six months to a year.

    This will vary from person to person and can be based on several variables, such as:

    • The severity of the addiction
    • The type of substance that needs to be treated
    • The duration of the withdrawal and if medical assistance is needed
    • The type of therapy and counselling the individual receives
    • Whether the treatment is inpatient or outpatient

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    Admission and Entering Rehab in Falkirk

    Woman looking puzzled at her laptop

    Most treatment facilities in Falkirk are available either through self-referral or referral by a medical professional.

    Entry to a facility will first require a pre-admission interview. This will involve speaking with one of the facilities’ staff to discuss your reasons for entering rehab.

    Some common questions asked during the pre-admission interview include: which substance are you seeking treatment for? How long have you been dependent upon the substance?

    The pre-admission interview is just a formality to help the medical professionals understand the nature of the individual’s addiction and what services might be best suited to them.

    Following the pre-admission interview and upon entering rehab, individuals will undergo a medical examination.

    This is aimed at uncovering any psychological or physiological issues that need to be taken into consideration for treatment, such as medication that might be required.

    The medical professional may check for dual diagnosis. Dual diagnosis refers to the interaction between mental health and addiction.

    Both interact with each other, with one often leading to the other.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    Rehab for Cannabis, Cocaine, and Heroin in Falkirk

    Cocaine

    One of the most important stages of drug and alcohol rehab in Falkirk is detox.

    Detox is the process of the mind and body expelling the substance. Unfortunately, as previously mentioned, this often leads to withdrawal symptoms.

    The severity and type of withdrawal vary from substance to substance.

    Cannabis withdrawal tends to be straightforward and does not require medical assistance.

    Withdrawal from cannabis usually appears within one week of the person stopping using the substance.

    Symptoms tend to be comparatively mild and can include irritability, anxiety, insomnia, and decreased appetite.

    Symptoms will peak within ten days and then will begin to reduce.

    Cocaine withdrawal, on the other hand, can be more unpleasant. Cocaine withdrawal, although having some physical symptoms, such as sweats, is mostly psychological.

    Cocaine withdrawal symptoms include:

    • Difficulty thinking and concentrating
    • Fatigue and exhaustion
    • Restlessness
    • Anxiety or depression
    • Paranoia
    • Agitation

    These symptoms can last between seven-to-ten days and can occur as quickly as 90 minutes after the final dose.

    Heroin is one of the most addictive substances and, therefore, has very unpleasant withdrawal symptoms ranging from mild to severe.

    Mild symptoms include:

    • Sweats
    • Nausea
    • Aching muscles and bones
    • Fatigue
    • Restlessness

    Moderate symptoms include:

    • Flu-like symptoms – vomiting, diarrhoea, etc
    • Tremors
    • Anxiety
    • Increased stress
    • Agitation

    Severe symptoms include:

    • Insomnia
    • Hallucinations
    • Hypertension
    • Increased heart rate
    • Respiration issues

    Because some of the severe symptoms can be life-threatening, it is not uncommon for individuals to be prescribed medication. This might include Buprenorphine, Methadone, or Suboxone.

    Heroin withdrawal symptoms usually occur six-to-twelve hours after the final dose, peak within two-to-four days, and last between seven-to-ten days. [6]

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    Rehab for Alcoholism in Falkirk

    Hand holding pill and cup of tea

    Alcohol withdrawal is medically known as Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome (AWS) and can also be life-threatening. [7]

    Mild to moderate symptoms include anxiety, depression, headaches, nausea, diarrhoea, fatigue, and vomiting.

    Severe symptoms include high blood pressure, increased heart rate, respiration issues, and seizures.

    Symptoms can occur several hours after the individual’s last drink and can last up to one week. Symptoms will begin to reduce after this.

    Those suffering from AWS are likely to be prescribed a sedative such as Librium.

    Sedatives such as Librium are used to stabilise neurotransmitters which help with anxiety, restlessness, and loss of appetite from AWS.

    Librium has a short half-life which means that it is less addictive than other sedatives. Therefore, it is a popular medication used for AWS.

    Some negative side effects, however, include nausea, constipation, and drowsiness.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    What Different Types of Therapy do I Receive During Rehab in Falkirk?

    a male therapist looking at the camera

    Another important aspect of rehab is therapy. The type of therapy the individual will receive depends on what is offered by the facility and what medical staff deem necessary. [8]

    There are, however, several common therapies provided by rehabs in Falkirk.

    These include:

    One-to-one therapy involves individuals talking to a trained professional. This might involve discussing childhood experiences, past trauma, relationships, and triggers.

    CBT focuses on the relationship between thoughts and behaviours. A medical professional will teach individuals how to process their thoughts positively.

    By learning to change negative thoughts into positive ones, it is believed that this will be reflected in positive behaviours.

    Motivational Interviewing is aimed at understanding and changing an individual’s motivations.

    This is done through a series of interviews that focuses on communication, listening, and helping the individual to clarify motivations for obtaining and maintaining sobriety.

    Holistic therapy is less analytical and, instead, focuses on well-being. Examples of holistic therapies include meditation, yoga, music, and painting.

    As the name suggests, group therapy involves sessions with trained professionals acting as a guide.

    Individuals will be able to share their experiences and difficulties with peers that have had similar experiences.

    Studies have found group therapy to be effective in helping obtain and maintain sobriety, as it provides accountability and prevents feelings of isolation.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    Relapse Prevention and Aftercare in Falkirk

    Therapy Session

    The final stages of rehab are relapse prevention and aftercare.

    During the relapse prevention stage, individuals will develop a plan to reduce the risk of them using again when leaving rehab.

    This will involve discussing potential triggers, such as environments, relationships, and daily stressors.

    As part of the relapse prevention plan, individuals will develop tools that can be implemented upon leaving the facility, such as emotional management, changing thought processes, and positive communication.

    Part of relapse prevention also includes aftercare.

    Aftercare is provided by all rehabs in Falkirk and involves continued post-rehab counselling and therapy, such as one-to-one therapy and group therapy. [9]

    Examples of this include Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA). Both AA and NA offer a range of services, including peer support groups and 12-step recovery.

    For more information about AA and NA in Falkirk, please follow this link: https://www.alcoholics-anonymous.org.uk/Members/Regional-&-Local-Websites/scotia-region/forth-valley-intergroup

    An increasingly common aftercare program is Self-management and Recovery Training (SMART).

    SMART offer many aftercare options, such as group therapy and CBT.

    Please call our 24-Hour Helpline:0800 140 4690.

    References

    [1] https://beta.isdscotland.org/media/3878/2020-03-03-sdmd-report.pdf

    [2] Bush, Booker, Sheila Shaw, Paul Cleary, Thomas L. Delbanco, and Mark D. Aronson. “Screening for alcohol abuse using the CAGE questionnaire.” The American journal of medicine 82, no. 2 (1987): 231-235.

    [3] Meyers, Robert J., William R. Miller, Dina E. Hill, and J. Scott Tonigan. “Community reinforcement and family training (CRAFT): Engaging unmotivated drug users in treatment.” Journal of Substance Abuse 10, no. 3 (1998): 291-308.

    [4] https://www.scottishdrugservices.com/Home/Details/28

    [5] Cole, Steven G., Wayne E. Lehman, Elizabeth A. Cole, and Alvin Jones. “Inpatient vs outpatient treatment of alcohol and drug abusers.” The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 8, no. 3 (1981): 329-345.

    [6] Powell, Janet E., and Daniel Taylor. “Anger, depression, and anxiety following heroin withdrawal.” International journal of the addictions 27, no. 1 (1991): 25-35.

    [7] McKeon, Andrew, Mark A. Frye, and Norman Delanty. “The alcohol withdrawal syndrome.” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry 79, no. 8 (2008): 854-862.

    [8] Smedslund, Geir, Rigmor C. Berg, Karianne T. Hammerstrøm, Asbjørn Steiro, Kari A. Leiknes, Helene M. Dahl, and Kjetil Karlsen. “Motivational interviewing for substance abuse.” Campbell Systematic Reviews 7, no. 1 (2011): 1-126.

    [9] Vanderplasschen, Wouter, Michael Bloor, and Neil McKeganey. “Long-term outcomes of aftercare participation following various forms of drug abuse treatment in Scotland.” Journal of Drug Issues 40, no. 3 (2010): 703-728.

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